The first capital and royal household of Portugal was at Coimbra, based on the Roman city of Aeminium, but taking its name from the ninth century Bishopric of Conimbriga, was re-captured from the Moors by El Cid in 1064. Coimbra was the capital of Portugal from about 1140 to 1255. Lisbon was re-captured from the Moors in 1147, and the capital was transferred from Coimbra to Lisbon in 1255. The university, first established by Diniz in 1290 at Lisbon was transferred to and from Coimbra several times before it finally settled in Coimbra in 1537.
© 2005-2007 Ron Catterall